Sonntag, 22.07.2018 02:49 Uhr

Some features of EU external action

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 09.08.2017, 15:05 Uhr
Presse-Ressort von: Dr. Carlo Marino Bericht 5391x gelesen

Rome [ENA] There’s an Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace in the European Union which is part of the new generation of instruments aimed at financing external action. The IcSP will pursue the same broad political objectives in terms of its focus on crisis response, crisis preparedness and conflict prevention to better contribute to the EU's comprehensive approach to external conflicts and crises.

Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 sets up measures of technical and financial assistance in order to prevent and react to crises and contribute to building stability and peace. Amendments to IcSP intend to add a new type of Union assistance exclusively designed to build the capacity of military actors in third countries when exceptional circumstances occur. The close link between security and development foresees the support to partner countries’ security systems as part of a broader reform process to make available operative and responsible security to the State and to individuals. Consequently, EU promotes objectives of inclusive and sustainable development and the rule of law.

The security-development nexus as a matter of practice can be identified in Regulation 1717/2006 creating an Instrument for Stability and which is the predecessor of IcSP. IfS was aimed at undertaking development cooperation measures and financial, economic and technical cooperation measures with third countries and in the beginning incorporated military monitoring and peacekeeping operations within its scope. Military monitoring and peace-keeping or peace-support operations (including those with a civilian component) conducted by regional and sub-regional organizations and other coalitions or states operating with United Nations endorsement were foreseen.

The measures were aimed at building the capacity of such organizations and their participating members to plan, execute and ensure effective political control over such operations. Article 181a TEC expressed that without prejudice to the other provisions of the Treaties, and in particular to Articles 208 to 211, the Union carries out economic, financial and technical cooperation measures, including assistance, in particular financial assistance, with third countries other than developing countries. Such measures shall be consistent with the development policy of the Union and shall be carried out within the framework of the principles and objectives of its external action.

The Union’s operations and those of the Member States shall complement and reinforce each other. As a result important was also the Article 177 TEC which stated that “the Union policy in the field of development cooperation shall be conducted within the framework of the principles and objectives of the Union's external action. The Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other. Union development cooperation policy shall have as its primary objective the reduction and, in the long term, the eradication of poverty. The Union shall take account of the objectives of development cooperation in the policies that it implements which are likely to affect developing countries.”

Taken into account what declared in the Treaty, the Union's action on the international scene shall be led by the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement, and which it seeks to advance in the wider world: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity, and respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law.

The Union is engaged to comply with the principles and the objectives set out in paragraphs 1 and 2 in the development and implementation of the different areas of the Union's external action covered by the Title and by Part Five of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and of the external aspects of its other policies. Furthermore, the Union shall ensure uniformity between the different areas of its external action and between these and its other policies. The Council and the Commission, assisted by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, shall cooperate to that effect.

Last but not least, according to the Article 11 TEU, the Union’s competence in matters of common foreign and security policy shall cover all areas of foreign policy and all questions relating to the Union’s security, including the progressive framing of a common defence policy that might lead to a common defence. The common foreign and security policy is subject to specific rules and procedures. It is defined and implemented by the European Council and the Council acting with one voice, except where the Treaties provide otherwise. The adoption of legislative acts are excluded.

The common foreign and security policy are put into effect by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and by Member States, in accordance with the Treaties. The specific role of the European Parliament and of the Commission in this area is defined by the Treaties. The Court of Justice of the European Union shall not have jurisdiction with respect to these provisions, with the exception of its jurisdiction to monitor compliance with Article 40 of this Treaty and to review the legality of certain decisions as provided for by the second paragraph of Article 275 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

At the moment, the Commission is considering a new Article for the Title II of Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 in order to extend the Union’s assistance under exceptional circumstances to be used to build the capacity of military actors in partner countries in order to contribute to sustainable development and in particular the achievement of peaceful and inclusive societies. The general objectives of this initiative seem to be twofold: on the one hand to guarantee that the EU’s development assistance to fragile developing countries is not undermined by situations of instability and conflict, by enabling all security actors, including the military to ensure stability, peace and law and order.

On the other hand to foster sustainable economic, social and environmental development of developing countries, with the primary aim of eradicating poverty. This will be the case either when there is a serious threat to the existence of functioning State institutions as well as to the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, or when State institutions can no longer cope with this serious threat. The condition is that an agreement exists between the country concerned and the international community and/or the European Union that the military are key for stability, peace and development, particularly in crises and fragile contexts and situations.

There are restrictions to the scope of military assistance because it should not be used to finance, neither recurrent military expenditure, nor the procurement of arms and ammunition or training exclusively designed to contribute to the fighting capacity of armed forces. Union assistance for the financing of military training designed to contribute exclusively to the fighting capacity of the armed forces, recurrent military expenditure and the procurement of arms and ammunition will be prohibited.

Für den Artikel ist der Verfasser verantwortlich, dem auch das Urheberrecht obliegt. Redaktionelle Inhalte von European-News-Agency können auf anderen Webseiten zitiert werden, wenn das Zitat maximal 5% des Gesamt-Textes ausmacht, als solches gekennzeichnet ist und die Quelle benannt (verlinkt) wird.
Zurück zur Übersicht