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Multi-speed Europe and Italy

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 13.03.2017, 10:09 Uhr
Presse-Ressort von: Dr. Carlo Marino Bericht 5409x gelesen

Rome [ENA] Multi-speed Europe is the term used to explain the idea of a method of diverse integration: common objectives are pursued by a group of EU countries both able and willing to advance, it being inferred that the others will follow later. According to the Italian Press Agency (ANSA) of March 10 Italian Premier Paolo Gentiloni said after an informal EU summit Friday that "our message on a multi-speed

Europe is very simple: we are not talking about a Europe 'a la carte', we are talking about a reality that is already happening. "It is a necessary direction of march because it allows groups of countries to take steps forward, when there is agreement among them," Gentiloni went on at the press conference. "But it is a choice that has to be made within the framework of the Treaties, enabling all to join and without any logic of exclusion". Gentiloni said the multi-speed Europe idea had not been originated by the countries that in recent times met at Versailles - Germany, France, Italy and Spain - "against the others, or the westerners against the Visegrad Group (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia).

The Visegrad Group is against the idea of a multi-speed Europe. The idea, Gentiloni told, "is a message that says Europe must respond to the demands of its citizens and must do so with a flexibility and rapidity that cannot depend on the fact that one or two countries have the power to prevent it". European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, for his part, declared that the multi-speed Europe idea would not create a new "Iron Curtain" between East and West. Juncker said "the idea is for those who want to do more to be able to do so". The Italian premier also emphasized that he was against a "two-rigities Europe, very rigid on the budget and very tolerant on migrant relocation policy".

Four EU priorities in a 10-year perspective will be specified at the March 25 Rome summit marking the 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, Gentiloni revealed after the Brussels summit. The priorities are a Europe of defence and security in the management of migrant flows; of growth and sustainable development and employment; a social Europe; and a Europe with a role in a world of trade and markets. Italy is in favour of a convergence of social policies.

"Everyone is aware of how important the Rome Declaration will be," said Gentiloni, while German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she was "optimistic" that a "good" Declaration of Rome could be outlined. He said the Rome summit would be "an opportunity to relaunch the European project" . Among other observations, Gentiloni also assumed that if Europe did not offer "prospects" in the Balkans, tensions would materialize. A non-uniform method of European integration could allow EU countries to select policies and involve themselves fully in those policies. In any case, the EU would still have a minimum number of common objectives.

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