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Latest from the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 22.08.2018, 09:47 Uhr
Presse-Ressort von: Dr. Carlo Marino Bericht 3739x gelesen

Rome [ENA] According to Ukrainian armed forces positioned near the Russian-Ukrainian border, they were attacked by artillery fire in the summer of 2014. Between 9 July and 5 September 2014, the Ukrainian Border Service and the National Security and Defense Council reported more than 120 artillery attacks from Russia. Russian officials, however, have denied the existence of any artillery attacks on Ukraine originating from

its territory. The immediate causes of the Ukraine crisis were developments in Ukraine itself. From the end of 2013 to the beginning of 2014, the Ukrainian population protested in the Ukrainian capital and at other places in the country, against the regime of President Viktor Yanukovich and for an association agreement with the EU. Until that time, the Ukrainian government chose not to sign the agreement with the EU. Before this, Russia put massive pressure on the Ukrainian governance . The protests, also called “Euromajdan,” evolved into a national movement . The use of force against the demonstrators culminated in shooting them and shortly afterwards the pro-Russian President Yanukovich fled surprisingly to Russia.

A report for the media and the general public was issued by OSCE on 20 August 2018. OSCE responses to the crisis in and around Ukraine include high-level diplomacy and multilateral dialogue. OSCE is monitoring the security situation on the ground, promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and is strengthening democratic institutions and practices. The Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine documented fewer ceasefire violations in Donetsk region and more ceasefire violations in Luhansk region, compared with the previous 24 hours. The Monitoring Mission followed up on reports of a civilian fatality as a result of an explosion in Pionerske.

The Mission observed fresh impacts in the Zolote disengagement area and ceasefire violations near the Stanytsia Luhanska disengagement area. Its access remained restricted in all three disengagement areas as well as at a heavy weapons holding area in non-government-controlled parts of Donetsk region, in Markyne, and again in Bezimenne. The SMM observed weapons in violation of withdrawal lines near Kostiantynivka and Khrustalnyi. The Mission continued to facilitate the operation of the Donetsk Filtration Station. It facilitated and monitored adherence to the ceasefire to enable repairs of residential houses in Avdiivka and water infrastructure in Nyzhnoteple, Novotoshkivske, Pervomaisk and Stanytsia Luhanska.

In Donetsk region, the Special Monitoring Mission recorded fewer ceasefire violations, including 60 explosions, compared with the previous 24 hours (80 explosions). On the evening and night of 19-20 August, the SMM camera at the Donetsk Filtration Station (DFS) (15km north of Donetsk) recorded ten undetermined explosions, 68 projectiles in flight, 12 muzzle flashes and an illumination flare, all 1-3km at directions ranging from south-south-east to south-south-west. On the evening and night of 19-20 August, the SMM camera at the entry-exit checkpoint in Maiorsk (government-controlled, 45km north-east of Donetsk) recognized about 13 undetermined explosions, 135 projectiles in flight, three illumination flares and about four bursts, all 1-4km

at directions ranging from north-east to south-east. On the evening and night of 19-20 August, the SMM camera 1km south-west of Pyshchevyk (government-controlled, 25km north-east of Mariupol) recorded about seven undetermined explosions, 300 projectiles in flight, 43 muzzle flashes and 11 bursts, all 2-4km east-north-east, east and east-south-east. In Luhansk region, the SMM recorded more ceasefire violations, including 25 explosions, compared with the previous 24 hours (two explosions).

On 19 August, inside the Zolote disengagement area, an SMM mini-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) spotted three fresh craters assessed as impacts of mortar rounds 1km north from the southern edge of the disengagement area and about 1.8km west of its eastern edge (not visible in imagery from 17 August 2018). The SMM assessed that the rounds were fired from a probable northerly direction. The craters were spotted within 90m from a set of four fires, in an area where on 19 August the SMM facilitated and monitored adherence to the ceasefire to enable firefighting activity near the southern edge of the Zolote disengagement area.

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