Donnerstag, 21.02.2019 08:26 Uhr

Holistic external actions are needed in EU

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 13.12.2017, 10:21 Uhr
Presse-Ressort von: Dr. Carlo Marino Bericht 6617x gelesen

Rome [ENA] EU is faced with multiple challenges both internal and external, many of which affect regional and global stability, which can only be tackled with long-term and holistic external actions. A common European external and security policy is obviously a substantial added value for the EU’s citizens. An increased funding is needed for an effective European response to modern challenges and to address Europe’s

new priorities, which would reflect a paradigm shift of the EU-foreign and Defence Policy in general and the European Neighbourhood policy. Other world's superpowers are reforming their external Defence Policy. For example, in September 2015, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping revealed far-reaching military reforms that comprised a 300,000 troop cut, the creation of a joint command structure that has drawn similarities with the United States’s Goldwater-Nichols Act, and a military-civilian integration program that seems to be prompted by the American military-industrial complex.

During his speech at the 19th Party Congress, Xi set three goals for the PLA: by 2020, achieve basic mechanization, make significant progress in using information technology, and elevate strategic ability; by 2035, become a modernized defense and military force; by 2050, become a first-class military. Along with new hybrid threats such as purposeful dissemination of false information, European Union needs, among other things, to build also resilience to disinformation. For this purpose, existing funding must be optimised to enable an effective Member State response to modern challenges, and that increases in funding should be unlocked as and when deemed strictly necessary to tackle potential threats to Member State security and integrity

in the future, including development aid, human rights violations, bad governance, security threats and armed conflicts, according to the priorities laid out in the EU Global Strategy and the renewed European Neighbourhood policy. Therefore for the multi-annual financial framework (MFF) it’s crucial to mirror this high added value by substantially increasing external action appropriations (Heading 4), thereby making common foreign policy a core EU function in line with modern challenges and Europe’s new priorities.

There is the necessity to strengthen and deepen cooperation between Member States on military capabilities needed for the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). In such a situation the European Commission ought to prioritize instruments which would widely increase the efficiency of national defence spending and the respect for internal market rules in the defence sector. A recent Commission assessment stressed that collectively the 28 Member States could annually save between EUR 25-100 billion in case they cooperate efficiently on defence research, development, procurement and other relevant areas.

The establishment of new priorities in the area of external action and defence cooperation at the EU level should be accompanied by new resources, both at an operational and administrative level, in order for the external action to be credible and effective.The necessity of resource availability is crucial to be ready to respond to rapidly developing new threats like hybrid warfare and cyber attacks. It is realistic to believe that post-2020 period there is the need to find a legally sound instrument for the possibility of future EU military capacity-building measures outside of a renewed IcSP.Future EU military capacity-building in support of security and development should not be financed via transfers from other external action budgets.

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